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Sentence final vocative, anchored by comma:
You were there , Stanley/my boy . 

Also, when anchored by colon, NP expansion on S. These often appear to be extraposed modifiers of some internal NP. The NP must be quite heavy, and is usually a list:

Of the major expansions in 1960, three were financed under the R. I. Industrial Building Authority's 100% guaranteed mortgage plan: Collyer Wire, Leesona Corporation, and American Tube & Controls. 

A simplified version of this sentence is shown in figure 24.6. The NP cannot be a pronoun in either of these cases. Both vocatives and colon expansions are restricted to appear on tensed clauses (indicative or imperative).


{A tree illustrating the use of sPUnx for a colon expansion attached at S.


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