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# Transitive Verb Particle: Tnx0Vplnx1

Description:
Verb/verb particle combinations that take an NP complement select this tree family. Both the verb and the verb particle are anchors of the trees. Particle movement has been taken as the diagnostic to distinguish verb particle constructions from intransitives with adjoined PP's. If the alleged particle is able to undergo particle movement, in other words appear both before and after the direct object, then it is judged to be a particle. Items that do not undergo particle movement are taken to be prepositions. In many, but not all, of the verb particle cases, there is also an alternate prepositional meaning in which the lexical item did not move. (e.g. He looked up the number (in the phonebook). He looked the number up. Srini looked up the road (for Purnima's car). He looked the road up.) There are 489 verb/verb particle combinations.
Examples:
blow off, make up, pick out
He blew off his linguistics class for the third time .
He blew his linguistics class off for the third time .
The dyslexic leprechaun made up the syntactic lexicon .
The dyslexic leprechaun made the syntactic lexicon up .
I would like to pick out a new computer .
I would like to pick a new computer out .
Declarative tree:
See Figure 6.9.

 (a) (b)

{Declarative Transitive Verb Particle Tree: $\alpha$nx0Vplnx1~(a) and $\alpha$nx0Vnx1pl~(b)

Other available trees:
wh-moved subject with particle before the NP, wh-moved subject with particle after the NP, wh-moved object, subject relative clause with particle before the NP with and without comp, subject relative clause with particle after the NP with and without comp, object relative clause with and without comp, adjunct (gap-less) relative clause with particle before the NP with comp/with PP pied-piping, adjunct (gap-less) relative clause with particle after the NP with comp/with PP pied-piping, imperative with particle before the NP, imperative with particle after the NP, determiner gerund with particle before the NP, NP gerund with particle before the NP, NP gerund with particle after the NP, passive with by phrase, passive without by phrase, passive with wh-moved subject and by phrase, passive with wh-moved subject and no by phrase, passive with wh-moved object out of the by phrase, passive with wh-moved by phrase, passive with relative clause on subject and by phrase with and without comp, passive with relative clause on subject and no by phrase with and without comp, passive with relative clause on object of the by phrase with and without comp/with PP pied-piping, passive with/without by-phrase with adjunct (gap-less) relative clause with comp/with PP pied-piping, gerund passive with by phrase, gerund passive without by phrase.

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XTAG Project
http://www.cis.upenn.edu/~xtag