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An analysis has already been provided for past participal (-ed)
adjectives (as in sentence ((555))), which are restricted to the
Transitive Verb family.25.4 A similar analysis
needs to take place for the present participle (-ing) used as a
pre-nominal modifier. This type of adjective, however, does not seem
to be as restricted as the -ed adjectives, since verbs in other
tree families seem to exhibit this alternation as well
(e.g. sentences ((556)) and ((557))).
- The murdered man was a doctoral student at UPenn .
- The man died .
- The dying man pleaded for his life .