- Ph.D. in Computer Science, University of Toronto, 1975. Dissertation title:
"Temporal Scene Analysis: Conceptual Descriptions of Object Movements."
Dissertation supervisor: Dr. John Mylopoulos.
- MSc. in Mathematics, University of Toronto, 1971.
- BA (with highest honors) in College of Creative Studies, emphasis in Mathematics;
University of California, Santa Barbara, 1966-1970.