The Buckwalter System is a true or strict orthographical transliteration, as opposed to the majority of "transcription" romanizations of Arabic that are intended to convey phonological or morphophonological information; it has the advantages of being complete, typable and displayable on common ascii terminals and printers. Because the Roman character equivalents are chosen to be reasonably mnemonic, Arabists can learn to read and write Buckwalter texts with little difficulty.
Prof. Dr. Klaus Lagally of the University of Stuttgart has also kindly written a "buck.sty" style file for his excellent ArabTeX system, allowing TeX and LaTeX users to specify Arabic strings in their documents using the Buckwalter transliteration. (ArabTeX is available by FTP from "ftp.informatik.uni-stuttgart.de" (126.96.36.199). The package resides in "/pub/arabtex/"; see also the file "arabtex.htm".)
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